5 Biggest Threats That Are Leading Towards Sea Turtle Extinction

5 Biggest Threats that are Making Sea Turtles Extinct - La Galigo Liveaboard

If sea turtle husbandry practices are not changed, almost all sea turtle species are threatened and will almost certainly become extinct within a few decades. There are many threats to sea turtle survival, both natural and human-caused. The following are the five biggest human-controlled threats.

The Biggest Threat to Sea Turtle Survival

1. Illegal Turtle Poaching

Although almost every country has laws protecting sea turtles, the illegal trade in their eggs, meat and shells is a threat to the survival of these species. Due to continuous poaching, all seven species of sea turtles are considered endangered. Turtles are harvested in many countries for their meat and eggs. 

On the other hand, turtle shells and skins are used to make jewelry, tourist trinkets, sunglasses, and decorative arts. Although many regions have laws prohibiting turtle hunting, these laws are rarely enforced, especially in poor areas where the turtle trade is their only source of income.

2. Seawater Pollution

Oil spills in the oceans pose countless threats to the survival of sea turtles, as they can cause direct damage to their bodies. In addition, agricultural and industrial runoff, toxic metals, chemicals, and untreated sewage pose a threat to turtle habitats. These pollutants will accumulate in the turtle’s tissues, boost the immune system, cause illness and death.

3. Climate Change

One species directly affected by climate change is the sea turtle. Climate change can significantly alter the natural environment, changing feeding and breeding cycles. Melting polar ice caps cause sea levels to rise, which can erode or even submerge beaches where turtles lay their eggs. Increasingly powerful storms destroy crucial turtle nesting grounds, destroying the next generation before they can see the light.

4. Garbage thrown in the Sea

Trash dumped in the ocean is the cause of hundreds of thousands of marine animal deaths every year due to human waste settling in rivers, oceans and waterways. Dead sea turtles are more often found to have plastic bags inside their stomachs, which are easily mistaken for the turtle’s main prey, jellyfish. Plastic straws are also large enough to become embedded in the turtles’ nostrils, causing their painful deaths.

5. Development in coastal areas

Millions of species, including sea turtles, are threatened by increased construction of houses, hotels, restaurants and roads in coastal areas, leading to beach erosion and pollution, which is rapidly destroying the turtles’ native habitat. Once sexually mature, sea turtles always return to the same beach where they hatched. Turtles are pushed out of their ancestral home due to the presence of humans, furniture and other objects. This disrupts the once perfect balance of the ecosystem.

Enjoy a Diving Trip in Raja Ampat and Komodo with La Galigo Liveaboard

The top liveaboard options - La Galigo Liveaboard

La Galigo is known as one of the best liveaboard diving boats in Raja Ampat Indonesia, and it offers trips to well-known diving destinations such as Komodo and Raja Ampat. The Coral Triangle is located in Indonesia, which has the highest marine biodiversity on the planet.

La Galigo Liveaboard Diving was founded in 2015 by two avid divers who wanted to explore some of Indonesia’s pristine reefs but found that all existing scuba diving options were frequently out of their budget, and wanted to provide an affordable option for everyone to be able to explore these beautiful places.

La Galigo Liveaboard Diving in Raja Ampat & Komodo is a friends and family affair, and our liveaboard diving trips are always focused on fun, safety, guest comfortability, and are exceptional value for money. Our trip prices range from $2,160 for a six-day Komodo liveaboard diving trip to $3,375 for an eight-day Raja Ampat liveaboard diving trip. The price includes four meals a day, diving three to four times a day or snorkelling, and  land tours.

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